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内蒙古快3和值 双语:新冠疫情将使美国GDP异日十年缩水近8万亿美元
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内蒙古快3和值 双语:新冠疫情将使美国GDP异日十年缩水近8万亿美元
浏览:85 发布日期:2020-06-08

荼毒全球的新冠肺热疫情危险已经主要减弱了美国经济。美国国会预算办公室发布的最新展望表现,由于新冠疫情引发经济急剧缩短,异日10年美国GDP将所以缩水近8万亿美元。

Fallout from the coronavirus pandemic will shrink the size of the US economy by roughly $8 trillion over the next decade, according to new projections released by the Congressional Budget Office on Monday.

美国国会预算办公室本周一(6月1日)发布的最新展望表现,新冠肺热疫情将使美国经济产出在异日10年缩水近8万亿美元(约相符人民币56.8万亿元)。

In a letter to US lawmakers, the CBO said the US economy will grow by $7.9 trillion less from 2020 to 2030 than it had projected in January. That amounts to a 3 percent decline in US gross domestic product compared to its initial estimate.

美国国会预算办公室在写给美国议员的信中外示,从2020年到2030年,美国经济产出将较1月份时的预期缩短7.9万亿美元。这相等于美国国内生产总值较最初推想消极3%。

The stark illustration of the pandemic’s potential economic impact comes one week after White House officials confirmed they would not release their own updated projections this summer in their annual “mid-session” budget review.

在美国国会预算办公室公布新冠肺热疫情对经济的湮没影响一周前,白宫官员证实,他们不会在今年炎天的年度中期预算审阅中公布对美国经济的最新展望。

The pandemic will hamper US economic growth by reducing the amount of consumer spending and closing numerous businesses, the CBO said. Part of the impact will be mitigated by the more than $2 trillion the federal government has already approved in emergency spending for households and businesses.

美国国会预算办公室外示,疫情将缩短消耗者付出内蒙古快3和值,并导致大量企业休业,从而窒碍美国经济添长。联邦当局已经照准为家庭和企业挑供超过2万亿美元的危险付出,这将片面缓解危险的影响。

“Business closures and social distancing measures are expected to curtail consumer spending, while the recent drop in energy prices is projected to severely reduce US investment in the energy sector,” said Phillip L. Swagel, the CBO director and former economic expert at the American Enterprise Institute, a center-right think tank.

美国国会预算办公室主任、曾在中右翼智库美国企业钻研所任职的经济行家菲利普·L-史威格说:“企业休业和外交阻隔措施展望将减少消耗者付出,而近期能源价格下跌将大量缩短美国在能源周围的投资。”

The pandemic’s impact on the US economy has been swift. The unemployment rate jumped from 3.5 percent in February to 14.7 percent in April. Tax revenue plummeted, spending skyrocketed, and the economy quickly contracted after years of growth.

新冠疫情使美国经济快捷受到影响。赋闲率从2月份的3.5%上升到4月份的14.7%。税收收益骤减,付出激添,经济在众年添长后快捷缩短。

The CBO report was requested by Senate Minority Leader Charles E. Schumer and Sen. Bernie Sanders, who serves on the Senate Budget Committee. The CBO had previously released forecasts for 2020 and 2021.

美国国会预算办公室的通知是答参议院幼批党领袖查尔斯·E-舒默和参议院预算委员会成员、联邦参议员伯尼·桑德斯的请求做出的。美国国会预算办公室此前曾发布2020年和2021年的展望。

“Slower growth means higher unemployment, lower wages, and less income for people. What we are looking at is another decade of that,” said Adam Ozimek, chief economist at Upwork.

Upwork的始席经济学家亚当·奥兹梅克说:“经济添长放缓意味着更高的赋闲率、更矮的工资和更少的收益。异日10年很能够会云云。”

The White House said last week it would not be releasing its updated economic projections, such as GDP and unemployment statistics, because of the high level of volatility in the US economy. CBO and other economic analysts have been able to do so.

白宫上周外示,由于美国经济的高度震荡性,不会发布国内生产总值和赋闲统计等最新经济展望。而美国国会预算办公室和其他经济分析人士已经做出了展望。

The CBO’s letter says while “real” GDP will fall by about $8 trillion, “nominal” GDP will fall by $16 trillion over the next 10 years. That measure is viewed by economists as less significant because it does not include the impact of inflation.

美国国会预算办公室在信中说,在异日10年,“实际”国内生产总值将消极大约8万亿美元,“名义”国内生产总值将消极16万亿美元。经济学家认为这一指标不太主要,由于它不包括通货膨大的影响。

Lawmakers are debating whether to renew several federal aid programs set to expire, including a sizable increase in unemployment benefits that will lapse at the end of July. Congressional Democrats seized on the CBO’s findings to argue additional emergency aid is urgently needed.

国会议员们正在商议是否拉长几个即将到期的联邦声援项现在,其中包括将在7月终到期的大幅度增补赋闲施舍。国会民主党人行使国会预算办公室的调查效果争执称,现在迫切必要更众的危险声援。

“In order to avoid the risk of another Great Depression, the Senate must act with a fierce sense of urgency to make sure that everyone in America has the income they need to feed their families and put a roof over their heads,” Schumer said in a statement. “The American people cannot afford to wait another month for the Senate to pass legislation. They need our help now.”

舒默在一份声明中说:“为了避免另一场大衰亡的风险,参议院必须以剧烈的紧迫感采取走动,确保每个美国人都有有余的收益来养家糊口,不至于无家可归。美国人民等不了参议院用一个月时间议决法案了,他们现在急需吾们的协助。”

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